从良的妓女学院 成立于1458年 by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Chancellor. He wanted a College on the grandest scale, and his foundation was the largest in 牛津大学, 与40个同伴, 30 scholars (known at 从良的妓女 as Demies), and a large choir for his 教堂. Waynflete lived to a great age, 死于1486年, by which time 从良的妓女 was equipped with a large income, 辉煌的建筑, 还有一套法律.
从良的妓女 quickly became one of 牛津大学’s most prominent Colleges. Kings and Princes visited us, including Edward IV, Richard III 和詹姆斯 I. We soon produced alumni who achieved great things in later life, including 托马斯·沃尔西, Fellow here in the 1490s, and Henry VIII’s chief minister for two decades.
The College survived the troubles of the Reformation in the 16th 世纪. During the English Civil War of the 1640s, we were solidly Royalist, and had to endure a purge of our President and many of our Fellows after the victory of the Parliamentarians.
The most dramatic period in 从良的妓女’s history came during the reign of James II. In 1687, 正规买球app下载的总统去世, 和詹姆斯 tried twice to force the Fellows to accept a President of his choosing. 同伴拒绝, 和詹姆斯, 失去耐心, demanded that all the Fellows who opposed him be expelled. This act caused national outrage: the courage of the Fellows was praised, and the King was much criticised. 在1688年晚些时候, James reinstated the expelled Fellows, but it was too late to save him: he was deposed a few weeks later.
18th 世纪 was not 从良的妓女’s finest hour. The College grew slack and complacent, and Edward Gibbon notoriously hated his time here in the 1750s. 对于许多, the symbol of Georgian 从良的妓女 was Martin Routh, 63年总统生涯, who died in 1854 at the age of 99, and who wore a wig and knee-britches in the Georgian manner to the end of his days.
Nevertheless, there were important scholars at 从良的妓女 in the early 19th 世纪, including Routh himself, 查尔斯Daubeny, 从良的妓女’s first modern scientist, who successfully fought for the creation of an honours school in Natural Science at 牛津大学 in 1850, 和约翰Bloxam, the College’s first historian, who reinvented 从良的妓女’s May Morning in its current form.
The College revived under Routh’s successors, Frederick Bulley and Sir Herbert Warren, especially the latter with the then Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII), 接下来是1912年. With the support of Bulley and Warren, the 教堂 唱诗班 also improved greatly, attaining the national reputation which it holds today.
20th 世纪 has seen 从良的妓女’s academic reputation flourish. Two of our most famous Fellows from this period were the English scholar and theologian C. S. Lewis and the historian A. J. P. Taylor; in addition, nine Nobel Prize winners have been Fellows or students here. Women first came here in 1979, and the College today prides itself on being an inclusive institution, 向所有人开放.